At present, people’s lifestyle is getting badly affect and it is adversely affecting their health. Our body needs nutrients for good health and development. They contain many nutrients including vitamins, minerals, carbohydrates, proteins. Today we are telling you which 6 essential nutrients our body needs every day and how their deficiency can be compensate. All living beings, be it trees, animals or humans, all need energy to perform various activities in their daily life. In fact, if you look at living beings like a machine, you will find that even a machine cannot work without energy, similarly living beings also cannot do their daily work without energy.
Organisms have to perform activities like excretion, respiration and reproduction, which they are able to do only when they are nourish. Organisms get the necessary energy through nutrition. Just as the activities performed by living beings are of different types, similarly the nutrition required for those activities is also of different types. For example, if they need instant energy then they turn to carbohydrates, if they have to fight diseases then they turn to vitamins. On this basis there are different types of nutrition.
Types of Nutrition
Just as living beings perform different activities with the help of energy, similarly living beings also require different types of nutrition. Based on these needs of living beings, there are the following types of nutrition: –
Protein is the most desired nutrition by living beings. There are many advantages and disadvantages of protein. The damage done in the body can be repair with the help of protein. Its main function is to fight diseases and for repair and construction. If one gram of protein source is taken, it gives a total of 4 calories in 1 gram of protein. A normal human being needs 600 protein calories every day.
Benefits of Protein Benefits of Protein
- Protein controls appetite. The balance of hunger is determine.
- Muscles become stronger by consuming protein.
- Protein is very helpful in reducing weight.
- The immunity power of protein is excellent.
- Protein restores lost color to hair and skin.
- Consumption of protein helps in formation and repair of blood cells, nails, skin, hair and other organs in the body.
- Stress can be reduce by consuming protein.
There are many types of vitamins: –
Vitamin A, B, C, D, E etc. Each type of vitamin has a different function, like Vitamin A is used for the eyes and it helps in curing the disease called night blindness. Vitamin A, Vitamin D, Vitamin E and Vitamin K produce fat. That means they are very helpful in building and growing muscles. Whereas Vitamin C, Bare aqueous vitamins, that is, they are helpful in the purity and formation of blood.
Carbohydrate is the most special nutrient among all the nutrients because it provides instant energy to the body. Carbohydrates also fulfill the lack of water in the body because they contain as much oxygen and hydrogen as water and the surprising factor is that the ratio of oxygen and hydrogen present is also the same as that of water. Carbohydrate is one of the main sources of energy and if it is not consume in food, the body can almost stop functioning. A normal human being requires 225 to 335 grams of carbohydrates every day and if counted in calories, it provides approximately nine hundred to thirteen hundred calories.
How many Nutrition I need per day?
Nutrition needs depend on different individuals. If a person’s body is healthy then he will require relatively less nutrition whereas if a person is sick then he will demand more nutrients. Whereas if someone is young then that person will take a balance diet, whereas in childhood, more nutrition is require and in old age, less nutrition is require. In general you need different nutrition on the following parameters.
A total of 64 grams of protein is require in liquids and almost the same in solid foods. It is worth noting that from this much protein you get a total of 256 calories and a total of 600 calories of protein is require in a day.
Carbohydrate requirement is around 900 to 1300 calories, if you eat more than it should be 45% to 65% of your total food. If carbohydrates are taken in excess, it increases obesity rapidly. If carbohydrates are consume in excess, it directly attacks the heart and also affects our brain. It increases the amount of glucose in the blood. Due to this, memory is negatively affect. Excess of carbohydrates causes diseases like dementia, Alzheimer’s etc. Carbohydrates are a very widespread nutrient, which is why they are find in many foods. Its types are also found in different substances.
Sugar: – It is found in milk and other elements made from milk. Its other sources are fruits and vegetables.
Starch: – Starch is found in beans, peas and other grains.
Fiber: – Fiber can find in vegetables, whole grains and other types of dry grains and nuts.
Mineral: – This should be 50% of the total food.