You might have heard this word many times, but do you know what Cloud Computing is and why it is being heard so much these days. As we know that computer network technologies have progressed a lot in the last few 20 years. Ever since the Internet (the most popular computer network) made its existence known, there has been a lot of advancement in the field of computer networks and especially a lot of research has been done in the fields of technologies like Distributed Computing and Cloud Computing. These technical terms: The concepts of both Distributed Computing and Cloud Computing are almost the same, there are some differences between the two. So, if you want to understand about Cloud Computing then it is necessary for you to understand Distributed Computing also.
What is cloud computing?
Talking about Cloud, it is a design of a large interconnected network of servers which is designed to deliver computer resources. And there is no concept of exact location as to where the data is coming from and where it is going. If I say in simple language, if a user uses it then he will feel that he is using a huge formless computing power in which the user can do everything from his email to mapping of mobile application as per his need. In the language of business, there is no such thing by saying “The Cloud”. Computing is a collection of licensed services that are provided by different vendors. Cloud Service replaces technology management and technology acquisition with different products and these products are managed from some other place and one thing is that they remain active only when it is needed.
Cloud Computing History
When the computer industry accepted computing as a service or utility based on its potential benefits. But earlier computing was lacking in both connectivity and bandwidth, due to which it was not possible to implement computing as a utility. This was not possible until Internet bandwidth became available on a large scale in 1990. After which it became possible to think of computing as a service. In 1990, Salesforce successfully implemented enterprise SaaS commercially for the first time. After which AWS did it in 2002, which provided many services like online storage, machine learning icon, computation.
clouds are clouds that provide cloud services to users over the Internet. cloud is managed by a third party (such as – Amazon, Microsoft and Google etc.). can be used by any person with the help of internet. In this, any person can store and access data. In public cloud, you have to pay on pay-per-use basis, that is, you have to pay the same amount as you use it. This is a better option for those people who have less money.
Private clouds are those which work on private infrastructure. It is also known as internal or corporate cloud. Private clouds are those clouds which are used by private companies. Private cloud is used by companies to manage data and create their own data centers. The security of private cloud is very high, in this firewall is used to keep the data safe. This cloud is managed by the user and is served by cloud server.
Enterprise Hybrid Cloud
Hybrid cloud is a combination of public and private cloud, that is, it is made up of public cloud and private cloud. This cloud has characteristics of both public and private clouds. Hybrid cloud is also called heterogeneous cloud. It provides both public and private services. enterprise hybrid cloud are better for organizations or companies that need more security. The security of this cloud is better than public cloud but less than private cloud. Examples of hybrid cloud are – Gmail, Google Apps, Google Drive, and MS Office etc.
Community cloud is a type of distributed system, it is accessed by many organizations and through this these organizations share data among themselves. This cloud is managed by one or more organizations or third parties. These clouds are good in terms of security. It is quite cheap compared to other clouds. It is more secure than public cloud. Example of community – Health Care community is cloud.
In cloud computing, it is easy to store and backup data. It is easy to share information. In this, the user can access the information stored in the cloud from anywhere in the world using the Internet. The software and hardware used in cloud computing cost less to maintain. In this the user can access the data through mobile. this, the user has to pay only for the services he buys. In cloud computing, more memory space is available to store data like documents, images, audio, videos. It uses firewall to protect the user’s data, due to which the user’s data remains safe.
Cloud computing allows users to access and use computing resources (such as storage, processing power, and software) over the internet, rather than on local devices. This provides benefits like scalability, cost efficiency, flexibility, and accessibility to a wide range of applications and services.
Scalability: Easily adjust resources to meet changing demands.
Flexibility: Access services and data from anywhere with an internet connection.
Cost Efficiency: Pay for the resources used, avoiding upfront infrastructure expenses.
Resource Pooling: Share computing resources to achieve economies of scale.
Self-Service: Users can provision and manage resources without direct human intervention.
The future of cloud computing is expected to involve continued growth and innovation, with advancements in areas such as edge computing, artificial intelligence integration, increased security measures, and the development of more specialized and industry-specific cloud services. Additionally, the expansion of hybrid and multi-cloud architectures is likely, allowing organizations to optimize performance, security, and cost efficiency by leveraging a combination of cloud environments.